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Brief of International Organisation

IMPORTANT INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION

 

1. SAARC​​ 

  • The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of nations in South​​ Asia.

  • Total no. of members:​​ 8

  • The member states are​​ :

    • Afghanistan,

    • Bangladesh,

    • Bhutan,

    • India,

    • Maldives,

    • Nepal,

    • Pakistan,​​ and

    • Sri Lanka

  • SAARC was founded by seven states in 1985. In 2005, Afghanistan began negotiating their accession to SAARC and formally applied for membership on the same year. The issue of Afghanistan joining SAARC generated a great deal of debate in each member state, including concerns about the definition of South Asian identity because Afghanistan is a Central Asian​​ country.

  • The SAARC Secretariat or HQ is in Kathmandu,​​ Nepal.

  • Secretary General: Arjun Bahadur​​ Thaoa

2. ASEAN

  • Association of Southeast Asian Nations is a political and economic organization of ten Southeast Asian countries. It was formed on 8 August 1967 by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and​​ Thailand.

  • Since then, membership has expanded to include Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar , and Vietnam.​​ Its​​ aims include accelerating economic growth, social progress, and sociocultural evolution among its members, protection of regional peace and stability, and opportunities for member countries to resolve differences peacefully.

  • Members: Total 10​​ members

  • The member states are​​ :​​ 

  • Brunei

  • Cambodia

  • Indonesia

  • Laos

  • Malaysia

  • Myanmar

  • Philippines

  • Singapore

  • Thailand

10.Vietnam

 

  • HQ : Jakarta(Indonesia)​​ 

 

3.​​ UNO

Image result for uno logo

 

Current Secretary General: Antonio Guterres .He is a Portuguese.

  • The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation and to create and maintain international​​ order.

  • The organization was established on 24 October 1945 after World War II in order to prevent another such conflict.

  • At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now​​ 193.

  • The headquarters of the United Nations is in Manhattan, New York City, and experiences extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi and​​ Vienna.

  • The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member​​ states.

  • Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, promoting human rights, fostering​​ social

and economic development, protecting the environment, and providing humanitarian aid in cases of famine, natural disaster, and armed conflict.

Official Languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish

  • The organization won the Nobel Peace Prize in​​ 2001

  • The permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (also known as the Permanent Five, Big Five, or P5) are the five states which the UNCharter of 1945 grants a permanent seat on the UN Security Council (UNSC): China, France, Russia (formerly the Soviet Union), the United Kingdom, and the United States.

​​ • The UN has six principal organs:​​ 

  • The General Assembly (the main deliberative​​ assembly);

  • The Security Council (for deciding certain resolutions for peace and​​ security);

  • The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC; for promoting international economic and social co- operation and​​ development);

  • The Secretariat (for providing studies, information, and facilities needed by the​​ UN);

  • The International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ);​​ and

  • The UN Trusteeship Council (inactive since​​ 1994

  • BRICS

Image result for brics logo 2019

  • BRICS is the acronym for an association of five major emerging national​​ economies:

    • Brazil,

    • Russia,

    • India,

    • China,

    • South​​ Africa.

  • The grouping was originally known as "BRIC" before the inclusion of South Africa in 2010. The BRICS members are all developing or newly industrialized countries, but they are distinguished by their large,​​ fast- growing economies and significant influence on regional and global affairs; all five are G-20​​ members.

  • Summits-​​ The 2019 BRICS summit ​​ held in Brasilia, Brazil.

  • Motto:​​ 'BRICS: Economic Growth for an Innovative Future'

 

NEW DEVELOPMENT BANK-

  • The New Development Bank (NDB) is a multilateral development bank operated by the BRICS states (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) started its operations from its headquarters in Shanghai, China.

  • The eminent banker, K V Kamath from India appointed as the first President of NDB for five years till​​ 2020.

  • The NDB will have an initial capital of $50 billion, which will be raised to $100 billion within the next couples of years. China will contribute $41 bn while India, Brazil and Russia will each pump in $18 bn while South Africa’s contribution would stand at $ 5​​ billion.

  • The purpose of the bank is to mobilize resources for infrastructure and sustainable development projects in BRICS and other emerging economies and developing countries in the​​ world.

  • AMNESTY​​ INTERNATIONAL​​ 

  • Amnesty International is a London based non-governmental organization focused on human rights with over 7 million members and supporters around the world. The stated objective of the organization is "to conduct research and generate action to prevent and end grave abuses of human rights and to demand justice for those whose rights have been​​ violated.

  • UNESCO

Image result for unesco

  • UNESCO (UN educational scientific and cultural organization):​​ Specialized agency of UN, HQ- Paris UNESCO Objectives: A.International collaboration through education, science and culture​​ interactions

  • B.Promote values of UN charter:​​ rule of law, justice, human rights, fundamental freedom,​​ Peace,

eradicate poverty, sustainable development

  • Director General: Audrey​​ Azoulay

  • Recent News:​​ The United States will pull out of UNESCO, the international scientific and cultural heritage organization, at the end of​​ 2018.

Important Reports and Publishing Organization :

  • World Investment Report UNCTAD (United Nations Conference Trade and​​ Development)

  • Human Development Index UNDP (United Nations Development​​ Programme)

  • Gender Inequality Index UNDP (United Nations Development​​ Programme)

  • Millennium Development Goals UNO (United Nations​​ Organization)

  • Ease of Doing Business IBRD (World​​ Bank)

  • Intellectual Property Rights WTO (World Trade​​ Organization)

  • Carbon Emission Index UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention On Climate​​ Change)

  • Global Terrorism Index IEP (Individualized Education​​ Programme)

  • Global Peace Index​​ :​​ IEP (Individualized Education​​ Programme)

  • Global Money Laundering Report FATF (Financial Action Task​​ Force)

  • World Economic Outlook:​​ IMF (International Monetary​​ Fund)

  • Global Competitive Index​​ :WEF (World Economic​​ Forum)

  • Travel & Tourism Index​​ :WEF (World Economic​​ Forum)

  • Environmental Performance Index​​ :WEF (World Economic​​ Forum)

  • Global Information Index​​ :WEF (World Economic​​ Forum)

International Organisations and their Headquarters

 

Organisation

Headquarters

United Nations Organisation

New York, USA

United Nations Childrens' Fund (UNICEF)

New York, USA

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)

New York, USA

UN Women

New York, USA

United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)

Paris, France

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

Paris, France

United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

Vienna, Austria

International Atomic Energy Agency

Vienna, Austria

Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

Vienna, Austria

​​ International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Washington DC, USA

 

World Bank

Washington DC, USA

 

Amnesty International

London

 

International Maritime Organisation

London

 

Consumers International

London

 

Commonwealth of Nations

London

 

International Court Of Justice

The Hague, The Netherlands

 

Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO)

Rome

 

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)

Brussels, Belgium

 

Transparency International

Berlin, Germany

 

International Renewable Energy Agency

Abu Dhabi (UAE)

 

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

Kathmandu, Nepal

 

Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)

Jakarta, Indonesia

 

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)

Singapore

 

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

 

Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation

 

Ebene, Mauritius

 

Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons

The Hague, The Netherlands

 

International Hydrographic Organization

Monaco

 

International Chamber of Commerce

Paris, France

 

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)

 

Los Angeles, USA

 

 

International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS)

Paris, France

Biotechnology Innovation Organization (BIO)

Washington D.C., USA

South Asian Wildlife Enforcement Network (SAWEN)

Kathmandu, Nepal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mottos of International Organisations

  • World​​ Bank

Motto : Working for a World Free of Poverty

  • Amnesty​​ International

Motto : It is better to light a candle than to curse the darkness

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organisation​​ (NATO)

Motto : Animus in consulendo liber - A Mind Unfettered in Deliberation

  • World Economic​​ Forum

Motto : Committed to improving the state of the world

Facts about United Nations Organisation

  • UNO​​ came​​ into​​ existence​​ as​​ a​​ result​​ of​​ the​​ United​​ Nations​​ Conference​​ on​​ International​​ Organisations​​ in 1945 in San Francisco to draw up the United Nations​​ Charter.

  • UN charter was signed on​​ 26 Jun 1945 by 51 founding​​ members.

  • Declaration of United Nations was drafted by Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, Harry Hopkins (Roosevelt​​ aide)

  • Four Policeman was coined to refer to US, UK, Soviet Union and​​ China.

  • US President Franklin D. Roosevelt coined the term United​​ Nations

  • Charter came into force​​ 24 Oct 1945​​ which is observed as​​ UN​​ Day.

  • 1st Secretary General – Trygve Lie Norwegian Foreign​​ Minister

  • It has its headquarters in Manhattan,​​ New York​​ (USA)

  • It also has offices at Geneva, Vienna and​​ Nairobi.

  • The number of official languages of the UNO are​​ SIX​​ viz. 1. Arabic, 2. Chinese, 3. English, 4. French, 5. Russian and 6.​​ Spanish

  • Total number of member States as of Sep 2017 is​​ 193

  • It has TWO observer States namely Holy See (Vatican City) and​​ Palestine

 

  • It has​​ SIX​​ principal organs​​ 

  • General​​ Assembly

  • Security​​ Council

  • Economic and Social​​ Council

  • Secretariat

  • International Court of​​ justice

  • UN Trustership Council. (inactive since​​ 1994)

  • The organisation won the Nobel Peace Prize in​​ 2001.

European Union member countries

 

#

Country

Capital

Currency

1.

Austria

Vienna

Euro

2.

Belgium

City of Brussels

Euro

3.

Bulgaria

Sofia

Lev

4.

Cyprus

Nicosia

Euro

5.

Czech Republic

Prague

Koruna

6.

Denmark

Copenhagen

Krone

7.

Estonia

Talinn

Euro

8.

Finland

Helsinki

Euro

9.

France

Paris

Euro

10.

Germany

Berlin

Euro

11.

Greece

Athens

Euro

12.

Hungary

Budapest

Forint

13.

Ireland

Dublin

Euro

14.

Italy

Rome

Euro

15.

Latvia

Riga

Euro

16.

Lithuania

Vilnius

Euro

17.

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Euro

18.

Malta

Valletta

Euro

19.

Netherlands

Amsterdam

Euro

20.

Poland

Warsaw

Zloty

21.

Portugal

Lisbon

Euro

22.

Romania

Bucharest

Leu

23.

Slovakia

Bratislava

Euro

24.

Slovenia

Ljubljana

Euro

25.

Spain

Madrid

Euro

26.

Sweden

Stockholm

Krona

27.

United Kingdom

London

Pound

28.

Croatia

Zagreb

Kuna

 

Countries : G-20 and G-8

G - 20 Countries

#

Country

Capital

#

Country

Capital

1.

Argentina

Buenos Aires

11.

Japan

Tokyo

2.

Australia

Canberra

12.

Mexico

Mexico City

3.

Brazil

Brasilia

13.

Russia

Moscow

4.

Canada

Ottawa

14.

Saudi Arabia

Riyadh

5.

China

Beijing

15.

South Africa

*

6.

France

Paris

16.

South Korea

Seoul

7.

Germany

Berlin

17.

Turkey

Ankara

8.

India

New Delhi

18.

United Kingdom

London

9.

Indonesia

Jakarta

19.

U.S.A

Washington D.C.

10.

Italy

Rome

20.

European Union

-

 

G-8​​ Countries : Does not have a permanent secretariat, or office

 

#

Country

Capital

1.

USA

Washington DC

2.

United Kingdom

London

3.

France

Paris

4.

Japan

Tokyo

5.

Germany

Berlin

 

6.

Italy

Rome

7.

Canada

Ottawa

8.

Russia

Moscow