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Parliamentary Terms

Parliamentary Terms
Bill The draft of a legislative proposal.

Act Bill passed by both the Houses of Parliament and assented to by the President.

Member A member of the House of the People (Lok Sabha)

Private Member A member other than a Minister

Adjournment sine die Termination of a sitting of a House without any definite date being fixed for the next
sitting

Prorogation The termination of a session of the House by an order made by the President under article
85(2) (a) of the Constitution.

Question Hour The first hour of a sitting of the House normally allotted for asking and answering of
questions

Quorum The minimum number of members required to be present at a sitting of the House or the
Committee for valid transaction of its business. The quorum to constitute a sitting of the House is one-tenth of
the total number of members of the House and in respect of a Committee it is one-third of the total number of
members of the Committee
Resolution A self-contained independent proposal submitted for the approval of the House and drafted in
such a way as to be capable of expressing a decision of the House.

Casting vote The vote cast by the Speaker or the Chairman in the case of an equality of votes on a
matter.

Expunction Deletion of words, phrases of expression for the proceedings or records of the House (for
being defamatory or indecent or unparliamentary or undignified)

Finance Related Parliamentary Terms

Budget Annual Financial statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure of the Government of India
for a financial year.

Demand for Grant The estimate of expenditure in respect of a Ministry/Department not charged upon the
Consolidated Fund of India, placed for approval before the House on the recommendations of the President.

Finance Bill A Bill ordinarily introduced each year to give effect to the financial proposals of the
Government for the following financial year.

Money Bill A bill containing only provisions dealing with all or any of the matters specified in sub-clauses
(a) to (g) of Clause (1) of Articel 110 of the Constitution. (Such a bill cannot be introduced without the
recommendation of the President and it also cannot be introduced in the Rajya Sabha.

Appropriation Bill A Bill passed annually (or at various times of the year) providing for the withdrawal or
appropriation from and out of the Consolidated Fund of India of moneys by Lok Sabha and moneys charged
on the Consolidated Fund for the services of a financial year or a part thereof.

Cut motion A motion for reduction of a demand for grant by or to a specified amount.

Vote on Account A grant made by Lok Sabha in advance in respect of the estimated expenditure of the
Government of India for a part of a financial year pending the voting of Demands for Grants for the financial
year. A Motion for Vote on Account is dealt with in the same way as if it were a demand for grant.