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Important Poets in Ancient Indian History

Important Poets in Ancient Indian History

Ancient Indian literature has been a crowning glory for our civilization showcasing the immense amount of talent and expertise shown by the masters themselves. Probably no other part of the world has produced such huge amount of  literature containing knowledge and wisdom. Ancient Indian poets have entailed various degrees of minute details of their surrounding, as well as their imagination. These have also been a hugely important source of documenting Indian history of ancient times. But these descriptions have to be considered with caution while keeping in mind that majority of these poets produced their works under patronage of a ruler. Therefore, their works are usually biased towards their patrons.

These considerations about the contributions make the work of historians difficult and highly subjective. Thankfully, the questions asked in various competitive exams are usually just based on either the work of the Poet or their patron. Therefore, we have here the list of all important poets in Ancient Indian history as part of our history study material.

Let us get into brief snippets about important poets and their contributions along with their patrons.

Poet/ Author

Patron

Contribution

Banabhatt/ ‘Bana’

Harshvardhan

Kadambari, Harsha Charita

Kalidasa

Chandragupta II

Kumarasambhava , Raghuvamsa, Meghdoota, Ritusambara. His plays are Abhijan Shakuntalam, Vikramorvashi and Malvikaganimithram.

Amarsimha

Chandra gupta II

 

Harisena

Samudragupta II

Prayag Prashasti on Allahabad Pillar inscription

Shudraka

 

Mrichchha Katikam

Vishakhadutta

 Harshavardhan

Mudra Rakshas and Devichandraguptam

Ashvaghosa

Kanishka

Buddhacharitra (a biography of Buddha), Saundarananda

Ravikirti

Pulkesin II

 Aihole inscription

Jinasena

Amoghavarsha

 Harivamshapurana

Dandin

Narsimhavarman

  Dasakumaracarita, Kavyadarsa

Bhavabhuti

Yasovarman

 Malatimadhava, Mahaviracharita

Rajashekhar

Mahindrapala

 Kavyamimamsa, and Karpuramanjari (written to please his wife in Sauraseni Prakrit).

Magha

King Varmalata

Sishupalavadha (about the killing of Shishupal)

Bharavi

Yasodharman

Kiratarjuniyam (about Kirat and Arjun)

Jayadev

 

 Geet Govinda​​ (Krishna and Radha)

Thiruvalluvar

 

Thirukkural (tamil epic)