However, major problems of the Indian agriculture system are:
o Dependence on erratic monsoon;
o Low productivity;
o Constraints of financial resources and indebtedness;
o Lack of proper land reforms;
o Small farm size and fragmentation of landholdings;
o Lack of commercialization; under-employment; and
o Degradation of cultivable land.
Further, lack of development of rural infrastructure, withdrawal of subsidies and price support, and impediments in availing of the rural credits may lead to inter- regional and inter-personal disparities in rural areas.
Intensive Agricultural District Program (IADP) and Intensive Agricultural Area Program (IAAP) were launched to overcome the agricultural problems in India.
About 95% of total reserves of iron ore is found in the States of Odisha,
Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Goa, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu.Sundergarh, Mayurbhanj, and Jhar are the major iron ore regions in Odisha and the important mines are Gurumahisani, Sulaipet, Badampahar (Mayurbhaj), Kiruburu (Kendujhar), and Bonai (Sundergarh).Noamundi (Poorbi Singhbhum) and Gua (Pashchimi Singhbhum) are important mines in Jharkhand.
Odisha is the leading producer of Manganese.
Bonai, Kendujhar, Sundergarh, Gangpur, Koraput, Kalahandi, and Bolangir are
the major manganese regions in Odisha. Dharwar, Ballari, Belagavi, North Canara, Shivamogga, Chitradurg, Tumkur, and Chikkmagaluru are major manganese regions in Karnataka.
Odisha is the largest producer of Bauxite in India.
Kalahandi, Sambalpur, Bolangir, and Koraput are the leading producers of bauxite in Odisha.
Lohardaga (Jharkhand) is rich in bauxite deposits. Amarkantak plateau has rich deposits of bauxite in Chhattisgarh.
Copper deposits are largely concentrated in Singhbhum district of Jharkhand, Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh, and Jhunjhunu and Alwar districts of Rajasthan.