Diseases caused by Bacteria:
Antibiotics, Ty21a vaccine
Nervous system, skin
Lungs, between two legs
Diseases caused by Protozoa:
Black fever (kala azar)
Diseases caused by viruses:
Name of virus
Variola/ Varicella zoster virus
Varivax vaccine (95% effective)
Australian bat iyssavirus
No cure, only prevention through rabies vaccine- TCV, PCECV
Hepatitis (A,B,C,D,E, G)
Vaccine only for A,B
Throat, backbone nerve
OPV vaccine (Pulse polio programme for polio vaccine)
Whole body, particularly, head, eye, joints
Defensive system (white blood cells)
*largest parasitic killer: malaria
* 2nd largest: kala azar
*most dangerous bacterial disease: tuberculosis
*most no. of deaths by : heart diseases (Cardiovascular)
Leishmaniasis: Parasitic infection, historically “Aleppo boil”, by bite of sand fly, common in Europe
Rift valley fever: mosquitoes,in Africa
Oropouche: mosquitoes (celux), latin america
Mayaro: like chikungunya, by Aedes mosquitoes, title: ‘the next zika’, zika caused by aedes mosquitoes, 1st in ahmedabad in india.
National Health insurance schemes:
Rashtiya Swasthiya Bima Yojana (RSBY)
RSBY - launched by Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India to provide health insurance coverage for Below Poverty Line (BPL) families.
Objective - to provide protection to BPL households from financial liabilities arising out of health shocks that involve hospitalization. Beneficiaries under RSBY are entitled to hospitalization coverage up to Rs. 30,000. There is no age limit. Coverage extends to five members of the family. Beneficiaries need to pay only Rs. 30/- as registration fee.
launched on 2nd October, 2007. The head of the family or one earning member in the family of such a household is covered under the scheme. The premium of Rs.200/- per person per annum is shared equally by the Central Government and the State Government. The member to be covered should be aged between 18 and 59 years.
Universal Health Insurance Scheme (UHIS)
The National Rural Health Mission
Now under National Health Mission is an initiative undertaken by the government of India to address the health needs of under-served rural areas.
Launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India on December 25, 2014. The Mission Indradhanush aims to cover all those children by 2020 who are either unvaccinated, or are partially vaccinated against vaccine preventable diseases. India’s Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP) provide free vaccinesto all children across the country against diseases Tuberculosis, Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio, Hepatitis B, Pneumonia and Meningitis.
6.Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram (JSSK): on 1st June, 2011. The scheme is to benefit pregnant women who access Government health facilities for their delivery. The entitlements include free drugs and consumables, free diet up to 3 days during normal delivery and up to 7 days for C-section, free diagnostics, and free blood wherever required.
*Vaccines for children:
Chickenpox (varicella; Var)
2 doses of chickenpox vaccine. The first dose at 12–15 months and the second at 4–6 years.
Diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough (pertussis; DTaP)
5 doses of DTaP vaccine. The first dose is given at 2 months, the second at 4 months, the third at 6 months, the fourth at 15–18 months, and the fifth at 4–6 years.
Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)
3–4 doses of Hib vaccine. The first dose is given at 2 months, the second at 4 months, the third at 6 months (if needed), and the last at 12–15 months.
Hepatitis A (HepA)
2 doses of hepatitis A vaccine. The first dose is given at age 1 year and the second 6–12 months later.
Hepatitis B (HepB)
3–4 doses of hepatitis B vaccine. The first dose is given at birth, the second at 1–2 months, the third at 4 months (if needed), and the last at 6–18 months.
Everyone age 6 months and older needs influenza vaccination every fall or winter and for the rest of their lives. Some children younger than age 9 years need 2 doses.
Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)
2 doses of MMR vaccine. The first dose is given at 12–15 months and the second at 4–6 years. I
4 doses of polio vaccine (IPV). The first dose is given at 2 months, the second at 4 months, the third at 6–18 months, and the fourth at 4–6 years.